30% of pregnancies end in miscarriage.
A miscarriage does not always imply that you have a reproductive issue. The majority of women who experience miscarriages (87 percent) have future normal pregnancies and deliveries.
The expert team of IVF doctors in Ahmedabad at Nisha IVF Center would like to address miscarriages and how to deal with them in this article.
What is the definition of a miscarriage?
A miscarriage, also known as a spontaneous abortion, occurs when a pregnancy ends unexpectedly. About a third to half of all pregnancies end in miscarriage before the lady misses her period or even realizes she’s pregnant. Around 10% to 20% of known pregnancies will end in miscarry. Rest are those women who are aware that they are pregnant.
A miscarriage is most likely to occur within the first three months of pregnancy, before 20 weeks of gestation, according to an expert team of IVF doctors from Ahmedabad. Only 1% of miscarriages occur beyond 20 weeks of pregnancy. They’re called Late miscarriages.
What are the elements that increase the chances of a miscarriage?
A risk factor is a characteristic or activity that raises a person’s risk of developing a disease or predisposes them to a particular condition. Miscarriage is caused by several circumstances, including:
- The age of the mother. According to studies, the probability of miscarriage is between 12 and 15 percent for women in their 20s and around 25 percent for those over 40. The rising prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities adds to the increased risk of miscarriage as people get older.
- The mother’s health problems.
What are the reasons for miscarriage?
About half of all losses in the first trimester are caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the father’s sperm or the mother’s egg, which can be hereditary or spontaneous. Chromosomes are microscopic structures found inside the body’s cells that contain many genes, which are the fundamental units of heredity.
All of a person’s physical characteristics, including sex, hair and eye color, and blood type, are determined by genes. The majority of chromosomal disorders are unrelated to the health of the mother or father.
Miscarriages can also be caused by several reasons, both known and unknown, such as:
- Exposure to risks in the environment and at work, such as high levels of radiation or poisonous substances.
- Hormonal inconsistencies
- Inadequate fertilization of the fertilized egg in the uterine lining.
- The age of the mother.
- Abnormalities of the uterus.
- A cervix that isn’t working correctly. (The cervix widens and opens prematurely in the middle of pregnancy, without causing discomfort or labor.)
- Factors in one’s lifestyle, such as smoking, drinking alcohol or abusing illegal substances.
- Immune system disorders, such as lupus, an autoimmune disease.
- Kidney disease that is severe.
How do you know if you’re having a miscarriage?
Miscarriage symptoms include:
- Bleeding that increases in intensity from light to heavy.
- Aches and pains in the abdomen.
- Low back pain, which can be minor to severe.
If you’re suffering from any of the symptoms described above, see your doctor straight once. They will direct you to either the office or the emergency room.
What are the signs and symptoms of miscarriage?
After a miscarriage, you may experience spotting and some discomfort. If you experience severe bleeding, a fever, chills, or pain, see your doctor right away because these could be indicators of an infection.
How do you know if you’ve had a miscarriage and how to treat it?
To confirm the miscarriage, your doctor will perform a pelvic check and an ultrasound test. If the miscarriage is complete and the uterus is clear, there is usually no need for additional treatment.
When the uterus hasn’t been entirely emptied, a dilatation and curettage (D&C) or dilation and extraction (D&E) treatment is used. The cervix is dilated, and any residual fetal or placental tissue is gently scraped or suctioned out of the uterus during these operations. In about 4 to 6 weeks, you should be able to restart your menstrual cycle.
If a miscarriage was suspected but not confirmed, bed rest is frequently recommended for several days, and you may be taken to the hospital overnight for observation. When the bleeding has stopped, you should be able to resume your normal activities. If your cervix is dilated, you may be diagnosed with an incompetent cervix, which requires a cerclage operation to close the cervix.
Can I conceive again after a miscarriage?
The majority of women who experience miscarriages (87 percent) have future normal pregnancies and deliveries. According to the IVF experts at Ahmedabad’s Nisha IVF center, having a miscarriage does not always signal you have a reproductive problem.
Approximately 1% of women may experience multiple miscarriages (three or more). Remember that a miscarriage is usually unavoidable and often occurs as a result of an abnormal pregnancy. Some researchers think it’s because of an autoimmune reaction.
Although there is no recommended waiting period before attempting pregnancy, it is a good idea to talk to your healthcare professional about the timing of your subsequent pregnancy.
Your healthcare practitioner may offer progesterone therapy to avoid another miscarriage. Progesterone is a hormone required for implantation in the uterus. If the mother has a medical problem, treating it can increase the odds of a successful pregnancy.
After a miscarriage, it’s critical to give yourself time to heal physically and emotionally. Above all, don’t hold the responsibility for the miscarriage on yourself. Counseling can assist you in coping with your loss. A pregnancy loss support group could be beneficial to both you and your partner. Inquire with your healthcare practitioner about counseling and support groups.
If you’ve had three miscarriages in a row, you should stop attempting to conceive, use birth control, and talk to your doctor about diagnostic tests to determine what’s causing the losses.